From the Mayo Clinic, Q & A - Vaccine side effects

These articles are from the Mayo Clinic concerning Covid-19 vaccinations;


Should I get the Covid-19 Vaccine even if I already had Covid-19?


Getting COVID-19 offers some natural protection or immunity from reinfection with the virus that causes COVID-19. But it's not clear how long this protection lasts. Because reinfection is possible and COVID-19 can cause severe medical complications, it's recommended that people who have already had COVID-19 get a COVID-19 vaccine. In addition, COVID-19 vaccination might offer better protection than getting sick with COVID-19. A recent study showed that unvaccinated people who already had COVID-19 are more than twice as likely as fully vaccinated people to be reinfected with COVID-19. Recent research also suggests that people who got COVID-19 in 2020 and then received mRNA vaccines produce very high levels of antibodies that are likely effective against current and, possibly, future variants. Some scientists call this hybrid immunity. Further research is needed.

If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine.


What are the general side-effects of the Covid-19 vaccine?


A COVID-19 vaccine can cause mild side effects after the first or second dose, including:

  • Pain, redness or swelling where the shot was given

  • Fever

  • Fatigue

  • Headache

  • Muscle pain

  • Chills

  • Joint pain

  • Nausea and vomiting

  • Feeling unwell

  • Swollen lymph nodes

You'll be monitored for 15 minutes after getting a COVID-19 vaccine to see if you have an allergic reaction. Most side effects go away in a few days. Side effects after the second dose might be more intense. Many people have no side effects.

A COVID-19 vaccine may cause side effects similar to signs and symptoms of COVID-19. If you've been exposed to COVID-19 and you develop symptoms more than three days after getting vaccinated or the symptoms last more than two days, self-isolate and get tested.


What are the long-term effects of the Covid-19 vaccine?


Because COVID-19 vaccines clinical trials only started in the summer of 2020, it’s not yet clear if these vaccines will have long-term side effects. However, vaccines rarely cause long-term side effects.

If you're concerned, in the U.S., safety data on COVID-19 vaccines will be reported to a national program called the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System. This data is available to the public. The CDC has also created v-safe, a smartphone-based tool that allows users to report COVID-19 vaccine side effects.


Can Covid-19 Vaccines affect the heart?


In the U.S., there has been an increase in reported cases of myocarditis and pericarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination, particularly in male adolescents and young adults age 16 and older. Myocarditis is the inflammation of the heart muscle, while pericarditis is the inflammation of the lining outside the heart. These reports are rare. The CDC is investigating to see if there is any relationship to COVID-19 vaccination. Of the cases reported, the problem happened more often after the second dose of the COVID-19 vaccine and typically within several days after COVID-19 vaccination. Most of the people who received care felt better after receiving medicine and resting. Symptoms to watch for include:

  • Chest pain

  • Shortness of breath

  • Feelings of having a fast-beating, fluttering or pounding heart

If you or your child has any of these symptoms within a week of getting a COVID-19 vaccine, seek medical care.


What is the connection between the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine and Guillain-Barre syndrome?


Some people who received the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine have developed Guillain-Barre syndrome. This is a rare disorder in which your body’s immune system attacks your nerves. The chances of this happening are very low. Symptoms most often appeared within 42 days of vaccination. Seek immediate medical care after getting the Janssen/Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine if you have:

Weakness or tingling sensations, especially in the legs or arms, that worsens and spreads to other body parts

  • Difficulty walking

  • Difficulty with facial movements, including speaking, chewing or swallowing

  • Double vision or inability to move eyes

  • Difficulty with bladder control or bowel function

YOU CAN GO TO THE MAYO CLINIC WEBSITE ABOUT COVID-19 VACCINATIONS HERE:

IF YOU HAVE ANY LINGERING SYMPTOMS FROM THE COVID-19 VACCINATION, PLEASE CONTACT ME OR YOUR OWN PRIMARY CARE DOCTOR IF YOU FEEL THE NEED FOR TREATMENT.

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